Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were established in the United States early in the 19th century, to provide undergraduate and graduate-level educational opportunities to people of African descent.
Black students were unwelcome at existing public and private institutions of higher education (IHEs), even after the passing of specific legislation, resulting in a lack of higher education opportunities.
- HBCU Fast Facts - National Center for Education Statistics
- In 2021, there were 99 HBCUs located in 19 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
- Of the 99 HBCUs, 50 were public institutions and 49 were private nonprofit institutions (source).
- 2021, White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities